La tabla abajo muestra el uso de los tiempos en inglés

Resumen
simple past present perfect
Acciones acabadas en el pasado que no influyen en el presente Acciones que comenzaron en el pasado, pero cuyos efectos son todavía perceptibles en el presente
I went to school. I have gone to school, now I know a lot.
He bought a house. He has bought a house, now he lives in it.
We were on holidays. We have been on holidays, now we are relaxed.
Acciones regularmente repetidas en el pasado
Every summer we went to York (now we go to Ireland). ---
Every morning he drank coffee (now he drinks tea)
Every evening she read a book (now she's too tired to do so).
Descripción de caracteristicas, acciones paralelas / de fondo
He was tall.
The night was dark and cold.
School was boring.
There were no mobile phones.
She was blond.
complementos adverbiales
last year, summer, month, week this summer, year, month, morning
in 1930, 1999, 2001 already
when he was young ever, never
on Sunday for, since
yesterday so far
the day before yesterday recently, lately, just

Preste atención al hecho de que el simple past inglés realiza las funciones del pasado indefinido y del pasado imperfecto español. Describe tanto acciones acabadas en un pasado acabado, en este caso se usa el indefinido en español, como acciones que se repetían en el pasado, características generales etc. que se describe con el imperfecto en español.